STAT 100: Statistical Concepts and Reasoning

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course overview

Statistics is the art and science of using sample data to make generalizations about populations. The purpose of STAT 100 is to help you improve your ability to assess statistical information in both everyday life and other University courses. Toward this end, the course has been designed with 11 lessons, including three examinations.

course topics

Topics covered include methods for collecting and summarizing data, the evaluation of the accuracy of an estimate, and an introduction to statistical inference. The course is less technical and more conceptual than STAT 200. Statistical concepts and interpretations will dominate over techniques and calculations.

After successfully completing STAT 100 you will have developed an understanding of the following:

  • Statistics: Benefits, Risks and Measurements
  • Measurement Data: Summaries, Displays, and Bell-Shaped Curves
  • How to Get a Good Sample
  • Categorical Variables: Graphs and Relationships
  • Measurement Variables: Graphs and Relationships
  • Probability and Coincidences
  • Designing Studies and Statistical Inference (Confidence Intervals)
  • Statistical Inference (Significance Tests) and Reading the News

Here is a link to the Online Notes for STAT 100.




Utts, J.M. (2014) Seeing Through Statistics, Duxbury Press, 4rd Edition.


All assignments must be submitted in Canvas using Microsoft Word.

assessment plan

Homework - There are typically eleven (11) graded assignments.  The best 10 of these graded assignments are typically worth 30% of the final grade.

Exams - There will be three (3) exams. These are proctored exams.  The three exams are typically worth 60% of the final grade.

Course Activities and Participation - This is counted as 10% of the grade.

PLEASE NOTE: This course may require you to take exams using certain proctoring software that uses your computer’s webcam or other technology to monitor and/or record your activity during exams. The proctoring software may be listening to you, monitoring your computer screen, viewing you and your surroundings, recording and storing any and all activity (including visual and audio recordings) during the proctoring process. By enrolling in this course, you consent to the use of the proctoring software selected by your instructor, including but not limited to any audio and/or visual monitoring which may be recorded. Please contact your instructor with any questions. (Read more...)

academic integrity

All Penn State policies regarding ethics and honorable behavior apply to this course. Academic integrity is the pursuit of scholarly activity free from fraud and deception and is an educational objective of this institution. All University policies regarding academic integrity apply to this course. Academic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to, cheating, plagiarizing, fabricating of information or citations, facilitating acts of academic dishonesty by others, having unauthorized possession of examinations, submitting work of another person or work previously used without informing the instructor, or tampering with the academic work of other students.

For any material or ideas obtained from other sources, such as the text or things you see on the web, in the library, etc., a source reference must be given. Direct quotes from any source must be identified as such.

All exam answers must be your own, and you must not provide any assistance to other students during exams. Any instances of academic dishonesty WILL be pursued under the University and Eberly College of Science regulations concerning academic integrity. For more information on academic integrity, see Penn State's statement on plagiarism and academic dishonesty.

The Eberly College of Science Code of Mutual Respect and Cooperation embodies the values that we hope our faculty, staff, and students possess and will endorse to make The Eberly College of Science a place where every individual feels respected and valued, as well as challenged and rewarded.


Penn State welcomes students with disabilities into the University's educational programs. If you have a disability-related need for reasonable academic adjustments in this course, contact the Office for Disability Services (ODS) at 814-863-1807 (V/TTY). For further information regarding ODS, please visit the Office for Disability Services Web site at

In order to receive consideration for course accommodations, you must contact ODS and provide documentation (see the documentation guidelines at If the documentation supports the need for academic adjustments, ODS will provide a letter identifying appropriate academic adjustments. Please share this letter and discuss the adjustments with your instructor as early in the course as possible. You must contact ODS and request academic adjustment letters at the beginning of each semester.

course author

These materials have been recently revised by Dr. Dennis Pearl have been updated also by course instructors, Scott Kresge and Eli Walters.